Making Sense of History: Zerubbabel and Ezra

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pufwifbm 28 – atmufwdkbm 4

 

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we*FaEG                                      pufwifbm 29

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wevFm                                         pufwifbm 30

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Ak’¨[l;                      atmufwdkbm  2

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Mumoyaw;                                      atmufwdkbm 3

ynma&;\ta&;BuD;yHk

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t,fvif*sD0dIufrS ta&;ygaom½Iaxmihfwpfckudka&;om;cJhonfrSm? ]]{Z&onf tm½kef\tEG,frSaygufzGm;onf/ ,Zf yka&m[dwfoifwef; ausmif;ü  wufa&mufynmoif,lcJhonf/  arSmf0dZÆmtwwf? eu©wfaA’if twwfESihf vnf; &if;ESD; uRrf; 0ifaom ar’d-ay&odacwfynm&SdwpfOD;jzpf onf/ odkYaomf olonf 0dnmOfa&;&m üpdwf auseyfrI r&SdbJ? bk&m;ocif ESihfwpfvHk;wpf0wnf;&Sdap&ef wrf;warQmfvihfcJhonf/ bk&m;ocif\tvdk awmfESihfnDaom OmPf ynm rsKd; udkvdkvm;\/ odkYtwGufaMumihfvnf; ]]{Z&onf xm0&bk&m;\ w&m;awmfudk ppfaq;apmihfa&Smufjcif;iSm vnf;aumif;? pD&ifxHk;zGJUawmfrlcsufudk £oa&v trsKd;üoGefoifjcif;iSm vnf;aumif; oabmusaomoljzpf\}} ({Z& 7;10)/ xdktaMumif; aMumihfyif olonf bk&m; ocif \vlrsKd;wdkY\ &mZ0ifordkif;udk avhvm cJhonf/ xdktaMumif;udk ]yka&mzufESihfbk&ifrsm;} pmtkyfü tus,f w0ifha&;om; xm;NyD;jzpfonf/ &mZ0ifordkif;ESihf uAsmpmwdk0w¬KESifhusrf; udk;usrf;um; rsm;udkavhvm jcif;aMumihf bk&m;ocif tcGifh ay;í a,½k&Svif ysufpD;&jcif;? udk,fawmf\vlrsKd;wdkYonf wkdif;wpfyg; trsKd;om; rsm; wdkY \uRefoabmuf tjzpf ac:aqmifcH& jcif; t aMumif; udk em;vnfod&SdcJh &onf/}} (yka&mzufESihf bk&ifrsm;? pmrsufESm 608)/

]]{Z&\tm;xkwfrIonf EIwfuywfawmfudk omípdwf0ifpm; oGm;aponf/ oefY&Sif;aomta&;tom;rsm;udk xdef;odrf; jcif; yGm;rsm;jcif; rsm;udkvnf; jzpfapygonf/ ynwfcsufa&;xm;orQwdkYudkpkpnf;onf? a0iSjzefYcsdonf/ oefY&Sif;aomEIwfxGufpum;rsm;udk vltrsm;\vufwGif; odkYa&mufatmif ydkYaqmifay;onf/ tzdk;rjzwfEkdif aom todynm? twwf ynmrsm;udk rQa0ay;cJhonf/}} pmrsufESm  609/

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aomMum                                         atmufwdkbm  4

xyfqifhavhvm&ef

t,fvif*sD0dIufa&;om;aom “Ezra, the Priest and Scribe,” pp. 607-617, in Prophets and Kings. 

{Z&\tm;xkwfvkyfaqmifrIudkavhvmyg/ ]]{Z&onf bk&m;ociftwGufpum;ajymay;oljzpfvmonf/ aumif;uif udktkyfcsKyf aomenf;Oya’ynwfrsm;udk  vlwdkYtm;ynmay;qHk;ronf/ ol\oufwrf; wpfavQmufü bk&ifrif; BuD; \nDvmcHtwGif; rD’dkyg&SefrSmaomfvnf; aumif;? a,½k&SvifrSmaomfvnf;aumif; olonf q&mwpfqlyifjzpf onf/ oloif,l &&SdaomtrSef w&m;twGuf wjcm;oludka0iSaomtcg üvnf; ol\pGrf;&nf OmPfydk íxufjruf vmonf/ olonf bmom w&m; udkif;½dIif; olwpfOD;?  vHkYv0D&d,&SdolwpfOD;jzpfvmonf/  aeYpOf toufwmü jrihfjrwfaombk&m;ocif\oufaocHwpfOD;jzpfcJh&onf/}} t,fvif *sD 0dIuf (Prophets and Kings, p. 609).

,aeYtcsdeftcgjyefvnfûyjyifjcif;vkyfief;rsm;wGif {Z& vdk yk*d¾Kvf rsKd;vdktyfaeygonf/ xdkyk*d¾KvfwdkYonf tjypfudkrzHk;? bk&m;&Sif udk*kPfûy jcif;trIudkvnf; rvGJra&Smifolrsm;jzpfMuonf/ wm0efudk0efxkyfwpfck tjzpf owfrSwfvkyfaqmifaeolwdkYonf trSm;ûyrdvQif pdwfNidrfoufrI r&Sdwwf/  raumif;rIudkvnf;  rSm;,Gif; aom rsufuef; arwåmrsKd;jzihf zHk;tkyf jcif;rûywwf/ bk&m;ocifonf vludkrsufESm rvdkufwwf/ vlenf;pkudk qHk;rNyD;? vltrsm; twGufu½kPm awmfudkjyo awmfrl wwfjcif;udk owd& atmufarhvdrfhrnf/   raumif;rI udkvuf rcHolrsm; onf c&pfawmf\ pdwfae pdwfxm;udk tjrJazmfjyolrsm; jzpfaMumif; vnf; owd& Muvdrfhrnf/ PK page 675.

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